Massachusetts / 馬薩諸塞州

One of the original 13 colonies, Massachusetts is known as the landing place of the Mayflower and the birthplace of a revolution. The state’s capital, Boston, served as the backdrop for historical events including the Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party.
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Today, Massachusetts is a destination not for those who want to revolt, but for those who want to retreat. Known for its picturesque coastline and countryside, Massachusetts entices visitors with its sandy shores and fall foliage, in addition to its history.

Find out more about Massachusetts at DiscoverAmerica.com.

Capital: Boston

Population: More than 6,585,000 people live in Massachusetts.

Geography: This New England state stretches 295 kilometers wide and 182 kilometers long, and shares a border with New Hampshire, Vermont, New York, Connecticut and Rhode Island.




Higher Education: With its Massachusetts School Laws, the Bay State laid the foundation for mandatory public education in the United States. Boasting more than 120 institutions of higher learning, Massachusetts continues to lead on education with two of the world’s most widely recognized schools, Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Massachusetts is also home to Amherst College, a top-ranked liberal arts school, and the University of Massachusetts, the state’s public institution.

Major Industries in Massachusetts include finance, technology, medicine and education. The state produces the United States’ second-largest cranberry crop after Wisconsin. Dairy and poultry products, nursery and greenhouse produce, vegetables and fruit are also important to Massachusetts’ agriculture industry.

Famous Bay Staters include four U.S. presidents, John Adams, John Quincy Adams, John F. Kennedy, George H.W. Bush; talk-show hosts Conan O’Brien and Jay Leno; actor Steve Carrell; authors Louisa May Alcott, Nathaniel Hawthorne and Edgar Allan Poe and poet E.E. Cummings.

International Connection: Boston is a sister city to the Taipei Municipality.

Fun Facts:

• Massachusetts is not officially a state; it is a commonwealth.
• The first basketball game was played in Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1891. Today, it is the home of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame.
• The first Thanksgiving Day was celebrated in Plymouth in 1621.

Adventure Idea: The museum exhibition Our Common Wealth: The Massachusetts Experience in Democracy traces the Bay State’s evolution through colonial, revolutionary, federal and 19th-century periods with the unique stories of four Massachusetts families of Native-American, English, African-Ameri

馬薩諸塞州(簡稱麻州、麻省)簡介

馬薩諸塞州是最早的13個殖民地之一,以“五月花號”(Mayflower)的靠岸地和獨立戰爭的發源地而著稱。該州的首府波士頓(Boston)曾是包 括波士頓大屠殺(Boston Massacre)和波士頓傾茶事件(Boston Tea Party)在內的歷史事件的發生地。

今天,馬薩諸塞州已不再是那些想要反抗的人嚮往的地方,而變成了那些想要休閑度假的人的目的地。馬薩諸塞州有風景如畫的海岸線和鄉村田園,除了悠久的歷史之外,她的沙灘海岸和秋日落葉也讓遊客心往神怡。

有關馬薩諸塞州的詳情請見探索美國網站DiscoverAmerica.com

首府:波士頓

人口:超過658.5萬人生活在馬薩諸塞州。




地理:這個新英格蘭州綿延295公里寬、182公里長,與新罕布什爾州(New Hampshire)、佛蒙特州(Vermont)、紐約州(New York)、康涅狄格州(Connecticut)和羅得島州(Rhode Island)接壤。

高等教育:憑藉其《馬薩諸塞州學校法》(Massachusetts School Laws),這個“海灣州”(Bay State)為美國的義務公共教育打下了基礎。馬薩諸塞州擁有120多所高等院校,以其全世界最著名的兩所院校哈佛大學(Harvard University)和麻省理工學院(Massachusetts Institute of Technology)而繼續在教育領域發揮引領作用。

馬薩諸塞州還有一所一流人文學院阿默斯特學院(Amherst College)以及該州的公立學校馬薩諸塞大學(University of Massachusetts)。

主要產業:馬薩諸塞州的主要產業包括金融、技術、醫藥和教育。該州是美國出產蔓越莓的第二大州,僅次於威斯康星州(Wisconsin)。奶製品和家禽產品、苗圃和溫室農產品、蔬菜和水果對農業部門也很重要。

馬薩諸塞州名人:“海灣州”名人包括四位美國總統——約翰·亞當斯(John Adams)、約翰·昆西·亞當斯(John Quincy Adams)、約翰·肯尼迪(John F. Kennedy)和喬治·H·W·布什(George H.W. Bush);脫口秀主持人科南·奧布賴恩(Conan O’Brien)和傑伊·雷諾(Jay Leno);演員史蒂夫·卡雷爾( Steve Carrell);作家路易莎·梅·奧爾科特(Luisa May Alcott)、霍桑(Nathaniel Hawthorne)和愛倫·坡(Edgar Allan Poe)以及詩人卡明斯(E.E.Cummings)。

國際聯繫:波士頓與台北市結為友好城市。

軼聞趣事:

•馬薩諸塞的正式名稱不是馬薩諸塞州,而是馬薩諸塞聯邦(the Commonwealth of Massachusetts)。
•第一場籃球比賽1891年在馬薩諸塞州斯普林菲爾德(Springfield)進行。今天,這裡是奈史密斯籃球名人堂(Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame)所在地。
•第一個感恩節(Thanksgiving Day)是普利茅斯(Plymouth)居民於1621年共同歡度的。

探險活動:博物館展覽“我們共同的福祉:馬薩諸塞州的民主歷程”(Our Common Wealth: The Massachusetts Experience in Democracy)追溯了這個“海灣州”所經歷的殖民地、獨立戰爭、聯邦制和19世紀各階段的演變,講述了馬薩諸塞州的4個分別為印第安、英國裔、非裔和愛爾蘭裔家庭的獨特歷程。

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